Which part of the biological sciences specifically deal with the theoretical part biology?
@Chinmay, thanks for a nice question. I found some discussions on it. One is-
“Theoretical biology is the study of biology from first principles. The goal for me is to make a full mathematical model of the behavior of a cell which is capable of predicting the behavior in a general situation, at least statistically (meaning, the range of possible behaviors).”
– Ron Maimon
To understand biology, computational and statistical data analysis, mathematical modelling, even philosophical arguments are part of theoretical biology.
Developmental Biology. Evolution-these are quite relevant to theoretical Biology -I guess. In addition, Computational Biology or Statistical modelling probably terms to Applied Biosciences.